Travelers, tourists, explorers. Anyone who loves traveling cannot but wish to immortalize the panorama discovered in a shot to take home, frame and look whenever you want. You do not need to be professional photographers for landscape photography, ensuring striking and spectacular shots.
Landscape photography is, without a doubt, one of the most exciting branches, together with portraiture and reportage, in the world of photography. There is no photographer in the world, from the amateur to the professional who, for a certain period of his life, has not spent time studying and developing techniques to take pictures of natural landscapes.
Maybe it’s an innate thing, but we are fascinated by the beautiful images of the world around us, and for a photographer it becomes fundamental to interpret these scenes correctly, resume them and then share them with a wider audience, hoping to be able to communicate the same feelings to everyone. ‘instant.
Today I want to give you ten simple tips to photograph landscapes that, if followed carefully, will allow you to take perfect photos of landscapes.
1. PHOTO LANDSCAPES WITH THE MAXIMUM DEPTH OF FIELD
The first rule, the fundamental rule to always follow when choosing to photograph a landscape, is to work with the maximum depth of field.
To do this, you need to set the aperture to an aperture between f / 11 and f / 16: this will allow you to get the maximum sharpness for all the elements you’re going to frame.
In case you are using a camera without manual controls, or you have chosen the automatic mode, just set the landscape mode and your camera will do everything for you.
2. LIMIT DIGITAL NOISE IN LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY
If you want to get a good landscape photo, you’ll have to try to minimize digital noise. How can this be achieved? Simply working on ISO sensitivity.
Always try to photograph in optimal light conditions: this will allow you to keep the ISO set to the lowest possible value ( 100 usually ), and if you are in situations where the light is scarce you will not have to do anything with a tripod and leave that the camera uses a very slow ( long ) shutter speed.
It is essential that you do not exaggerate with the ISO sensitivity. Therefore you must discard the hypothesis of making photographs of landscapes freehand in low light conditions. If you really can not help it, find a foothold where to place the camera.
3. THE IMPORTANCE OF LIGHT IN THE LANDSCAPES AT THE SUNSET
I have already mentioned how good light can be essential in the realization of your best shot. The light does not only help “see well,” but also allows us to see differently what we have before us.
Think of a photograph of Paris by day, and a photograph of Paris at sunset. Landscapes are static subjects, and as such, they are particularly sensitive to differences in light. The most exciting shots are usually those obtained during the early hours of the morning, or late in the afternoon, towards sunset.
In case you need a bright, clear photo with no play of shadows, for strictly documental uses, the central hours of the day are the ideal hours in which you will have to photograph landscapes.
4. LEVELS, PLANS, AND PERSPECTIVES
There is no camera that can make the perspective as perceived by the human eye.
To get the sense of depth that makes your photo-realistic and three-dimensional, you’ll have to focus on the foreground. For example, if you are photographing a hilly landscape, the best way to maximize the depth of the environment is to concentrate the focus on a subject in the foreground, such as a flower. This will increase the perception of the distance between the foreground subject and the rest of the scene.
But be careful: if you need all the plans for your photography to be in perfect focus, you will need to set a very closed aperture as explained above.
5. FOLLOW THE RULE OF THE THIRD PARTIES
What is the third party rule? It’s a simple rule that helps you avoid the risk of taking mundane photos.
To follow it you must mentally divide the viewfinder of your machine into a grating consisting of two horizontal and two vertical lines, equidistant from each other. Your field will now be divided into nine equal parts.
At this point, you just have to make sure that the main subject of your shot is along one of the lines or on one of the intersection points.
In landscape photography it is good to remember this simple rule, in fact, it returns beneficial to decide which element you want to give more importance.
If you are interested in giving more importance to the sky, just make sure that 2/3 of the frame is occupied by it or decide which element to give more importance (see photo below).
If you’re still not satisfied, take a look below this article dedicated to the composition where I also made a video!
6. USING THE “FILL-IN” TECHNIQUE
Fill-in means filling. Using this technique to shoot your landscape photographs will help you lighten the shadows in the subjects close to the camera in the scene. As? Using the flash.
Let’s say that you are photographing a person during the central hours of the day: the sun is in such a position that the subject’s face is ruined by many small shadows. You only have to activate the flash to make the flash, and the ambient light combines, creating a natural and balanced light effect.
Of course, it makes sense for close subjects, but you can not think of lightening the side of a mountain. : D
7. USE SECURITY TIME
What’s more ugly than a photo move? Imagine not falling into this error when you find yourself capturing your favorite landscapes.
If you have a tripod, most of this risk will be avoided by default. In case you choose to shoot without, I advise you to help with the security time rule. It works like this: set a shutter speed equal to the focal length.
If you are using a 50mm focal length then, you will need to use a shutter speed equal to ( or faster ) than 1/50 ”. Remember that 1/80 of a second is a “faster” time than 1/50 ” This little foresight can make a big difference.
Practically, your camera will tend to focus on the closest or predominant subjects: this may be not very functional in case the subject you want to capture is not the closest to you but is in another place in your framing; maybe decentralized because of the third party rule you’re applying.
Your reflex focuses on subjects thanks to a sensor that detects larger, predominant or luminous elements. You can decide whether to let her deal with it for you automatically with the risk that you’re wrong, or you can use the manual function to control these points of fire.
Some cameras allow you to manually set the focus point, but I recommend setting the camera to use only the center point. In this case, just frame the subject to focus on, press the shutter button halfway down so that it is in focus and lock the focus, recompose the scene and shoot.
9. BALANCE THE WHITE
It is possible. Indeed it is highly probable, that in the landscape you have chosen to capture there are different lights between them. This can cause a disturbance in the colors and dominant of the photo, a disturbance to which every good camera tries to remedy using the white balance.
This is an automatic operation, which broadly behaves very well, but to get an impeccable result, I suggest you take care of it, with the manual mode. In fact, in particular, “abnormal” light conditions, like the sunset light, the cameras go into crisis, and the color balance is completely unbalanced.
Instead of using the automatic white balance mode, try setting the shadow mode or cloudy sky when you take a landscape photograph. The photo will tend to have a dominant “hot,” but this effect is appreciated more by the observer than a picture too “cold.”
10. THE CHOICE OF LANDSCAPES
The last piece of advice may seem the most trivial, but it is not. The choice of a landscape is the starting point for every good shot.
Take time to search for the perfect landscape, and when you’ve found it, check the lighting conditions, choose which perspective to work on, find the perfect location for you and your camera.
It’s true that shooting in digital offers the possibility of making mistakes endless times, and starting again. But not for this, you have to settle for mediocre shots!
Below are some links to authors really good from which to take a cue, not so much to imitate them, but how to try to understand what were their choices regarding framing, shooting settings and light:
In the beginning, even for me, it was easy to understand how I had to move in landscape photography and for this reason I began to analyze the theme, study and compare with other photographers taking notes on every key aspect and, why not, stealing some suggestions and technique that I thought important.